“The perfect colour sets the perfect mood.”
Colours are the most powerful attribute of the world. They can affect the mood and behaviour of not only adults but also of kids. The proper knowledge and implementation of colours can help develop the core of a child’s personality. So when it comes to designing the space around growing children, colours are an essential aspect.
A colourful environment appeals for the aesthetics and the overall mental and physical health of an individual. It helps navigate an individual’s mental well-being, mood, reaction, and learning. By teaching children about different shades, hues and tints can help them explore a more creative aspect of expressing themselves.
The psychological and physiological effects of colours and their shades are a vast field of research. It helps in understanding and assessing the brain development of children in different phases.
Below are 5 Positive Effects of Colours on children:
1.) Helps in Learning Fast:
Colours are a great way to help grow the spectrum of a kids’ imagination. Using colours in their education will help them lean towards a creative expression in all aspects of life. It is a great practice to teach about them about various shades, hues and tones.
Researchers have found that colour recognition can help equip children with essential learning tools in life. From mathematics to literature, children start relating colours to all patterns. For example, children identify a green banana as raw and a yellow banana as ripe by conceiving the colours.
In mathematics, a child may associate addition, subtraction and other operations with specific colours. Also, children can learn to relate colours with signs and situations. It can be affiliating red with alert! or green with Popeye’s spinach.
Many children suffer from learning difficulties and ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). In such cases, the child may experience distorted discrimination of colours. Because of this reason, many educational institutes try to inculcate colours which provide a calm environment.
2.) Increase in Memory Power:
Research has shown that colours help increase memory and directing attention. They are quite efficient in enhancing performance and visual sense for learning. The use of colours in education helps to:
- Reduce boredom
- Increase attention spans
Hence colours help to emphasise a feature and increase attention levels.
How to use colours for directing attention? What to avoid?
Colours can be inspiring when used in balance. However, it can become over-powering or stimulating also. The aim should be a perfect balance of bold and blunt hues. The predominantly attention-grabbing colours are:
- Red – passion, attention, strength, power.
- Orange – confidence, optimistic, cheerful, attention.
- Yellow – energy, happiness, brightness, creativity.
These colours help drive the attention of children. Fast reaction of kids makes these bold hues more advantageous. They tend to encourage better learning, alertness and focus.
Whilst the predominantly calming colours are:
- Blue – calmness, serenity, peace, loyalty.
- Green – nature, calm, tranquility, clean.
If a child finds discomfort around itself, cooler colour can be helpful. The serene and calm shades of blue and green evoke stability. They help stimulate tranquil behaviour, thought, broader thinking, and communication.
3.) Balanced Emotions:
The emotional growth of children begins soon after they are born. In the early years, a baby responds mostly to monochrome colours and shades. With increasing age, they start responding to a larger spectrum of colours. They begin to relate various colours with particular emotions.
At the age of 3-4 years, kids are more attracted to brighter tones. Since the brain links are not well developed, kids use visual representation to express themselves. Isn’t it beautiful? How all of their emotions are present in their colour books.
When children are in their teenage, the front part of their brain is more active (compared to an adult whose back part of the brain is more active). It makes them more sensitive and often left feeling anxious. Colours can help them soothe their state of mind and navigate their emotions.
There have been studies proving children with anxiety and stress can mellow around calm hues. Many institutes use light shades of Blue and Brown in walls and shelves to decrease aggressive behaviour in children.
Whether it is home or school, a hearty balance of bright and blunt colours provides emotional stability, concentration and cheerfulness. The shades of furniture can be a calm hue with intricate artifacts of bright-strong hues.
4.) Better Physical Growth:
The multitude of effects of colours on a child’s psychology is well known. However, these colours have a great deal of impact on their body as well!
Diving deeper into the science of the physical effects of colours, let us see how and how much these colours affect children. The reason for relating colours with reactions is that this is the light received by the Hypothalamus gland. It helps regulate respiration and heart rate and the colours surrounding a child can influence them on a physical level.
The wavelength of each colour of the spectrum is different and affects children much differently. Colours evoke reactions at the vascular level and affect the blinking rate, perspiration, and muscular stimulus.
Experiments have found that while the colour blue reduces blood pressure, colours like Red, Orange and Yellow may increase respiration and blood pressure.
The right shades of each colour can help stimulate body growth. The pituitary gland reacts to bright tones of red, yellow and green. It can increase height and ignite concentration.
5.) Stimulate Their Mind:
Modern-day problems require modern-day solutions.
Colours have different effects on different children. The colour which may be soothing for one may not have the same effect on another.
For example, children with special needs like Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), ADHD or vision impairment can become stressed by colours and patterns.
The colour used in the environment around children can help stimulate their minds. It can affect their mood, behavior and reaction. Cooler tones can be used to help tranquil the child. Autism is subject to high sensitivity towards sensory stimulation such as light, sound and colours. Therefore, it is important to control the stimulation levels. The primary key with ASD children is to have a cheerful and comfortable environment.
Colours have a greater effect on vision with patterns and contrasts. These can be used to aid children with partial sight. Contrasts and different intensities help children with perception of size and the distance between spaces or subjects. The play of intensities in a classroom is crucial for best results.
To conclude, colours definitely behave as an important medium in every child’s growth (as suggested in above 5 points). Moreover, colours are effective communication tool among children’s as well. They can used to communicate behavior, affect mood, and even influence physiological responses. So colours are indeed vital in every toddler lifecycle.